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华尔街日报:为重庆某人离职喝彩


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送交者: 原文照转 于 北京时间 03/26/2012 () [累积7140分 给原文照转发悄悄话]

主题:华尔街日报:为重庆某人离职喝彩

[博讯论坛]

【原文题目】One Cheer for the Departure of Bo Xilai

【中文题目】为薄熙来离职喝一声彩

【来      源】http://online.wsj.com/article/SB ... 82761992950988.html

【发表日期】2012年3月15日

【原文作者】TOM ORLIK

【译      者】雪琴

【声      明】译文为原创,转载务必注明译者及出处“独家网dooo.cc”。

【摘      要】华尔街日报: 一位蛊惑人心威胁到现状的政客,在重庆遵循毛时代的强硬派领导风格而声名狼藉,他的打黑行动备受争议,用辛辣的手段打消试图改变中国法律制度的努力。没错这是在描述薄熙来,看来外媒对薄的免职欢心鼓舞啊~


【译      文】


       为重庆共产党领导薄熙来的离职喝一声彩。一位蛊惑人心威胁到现状的政客已经被撵走,但是政党制度已经重申它本身需要进行严肃的改革。


       在过去5年间,薄先生撼动了中国政局。共产党开国之父的儿子,并且拥有民众极高呼声的极富个人魅力的领导人,他在领导国家的灰色官僚队伍中显得独树一帜。


       在重庆,他深获民意并且遵循毛时代的强硬派领导风格而声名狼藉,同时以强硬手腕打黑除暴。


       其他领导有时在面对腐败时很羸弱并且不能提供基本公共品。薄先生呈现给人们以两袖清风和艰苦进取,不达目的誓不罢休的形象。


       现在他被撵走了。周四,中国官方媒体通知张德江副总理代替薄先生成为重庆领导。薄先生争取进入中央政治局常委——中国最高领导核心——基本泡汤。不难明白他为什么会被撵走。


       他野心勃勃,公开争取进入中央政治局常委,惹怒了已经排定的领导继位程序,打破了自从天安门事变以来所形成至少在表面上团结的领导集团。他的打黑行动备受争议,用辛辣的手段打消试图改变中国法律制度的努力。


       官僚们通过把薄踢出局证明了自己。但是体制依然远非完美。党拒绝屈居法律制度之下,法治依然被妨碍。经济改革的速度寒意阵阵,政治改革连影儿都还没有。社会对薄熙来蛊惑民心的不满依然存在。


       这些都是对中国政局稳定性及其长期增长前景方面的坏消息。在国际透明组织2011年腐败指数中,中国得分低于突尼斯和卢旺达。投资人开始要求更多保证金以应对遭遇中国企业骗子的风险。薄先生的情形暗示腐败,以及政局不稳也是这个国家存在的风险。


       但是对现存的党的执政系统的所有缺陷而言,换一个人执政恐怕只会更糟糕。因此为薄熙来的离职喝一声彩,并且为即将到来的更好图景预留一份喝彩。


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【原    文】

Give one cheer for the departure of Chongqing Communist Party chief Bo Xilai. A demagogue who threatened the status quo has been ousted, but the party system that has reasserted itself still needs serious reform.

Over the last five years, Mr. Bo shook up China's politics. The son of a founding father of the Communist Party, and a charismatic leader with a populist appeal, he stood out amongst the ranks of grey bureaucrats who run the country.


In Chongqing, he achieved popularity and notoriety with a strong man style of leadership that harked back to the Mao era, and a fierce crackdown against mafia-type corruption.


Other leaders sometimes appeared impotent in the face of corruption and unable to deliver basic public goods. Mr. Bo presented himself as an alternative with clean hands and a can-do attitude, getting results even if he cut corners along the way.


Now he has been ousted. On Thursday, China's state media announced that Vice Premier Zhang Dejiang will replace Mr. Bo as Chongqing party chief. Mr. Bo's campaign for a place on the Standing Committee of the Politburo—China's top political table—is almost certainly over. It's not hard to see why he is gone.


His careerism, openly campaigning for a place on the Standing Committee, upset the orderly process of leadership succession, shattering the facade of unity leaders have maintained since Tiananmen. His anti-mafia campaign sparked controversy, with ruthless methods cutting against attempts to bring some order to China's legal system.


The bureaucrats have reasserted themselves by kicking Mr. Bo out. But the system remains far from perfect. The rule of law is stymied by the refusal of the party to submit itself to the legal system. The pace of reform on the economy is glacial, and on governance nonexistent. The social discontent that Mr. Bo's demagoguery fed on remains.


All of that is bad news for China's political stability, and its long-term growth prospects. In Transparency International's 2011 Corruption Perceptions Index, China scores below Tunisia and Rwanda. Investors have started to demand a bigger premium for the risk of fraud at Chinese firms. Mr. Bo's case is a reminder that corruption, and political instability, are a risk at the country level as well.


But for all the flaws with the current system of party rule, the alternative of rule by man was even worse. So give one cheer for Mr. Bo's departure, and reserve a second till something better comes along.




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